ROUND AIRCRAFT DESIGNS

Since Vought was associated with round aircraft designs more than thirty years apart, I thought I would include this photographic gallery, mostly for your amusement and wonder. Not all the designs shown are round but they are all entertaining and I knew you would want to see them. The gallery of phototgraphs is in three sections. Where known, I have given the name of the aircraft and in some cases the year it first appeared. The first section is round or "round-like" aircraft. The next section are Flying/Blended Wings. Some of them seen from the side, can appear to be round and then there is a section I have termed "Different Aircrft Designs". These aircraft are neither round, flying wings or blended wings, they are just ...well..different. Some of which have to be seen to believe they ever existed - let alone that some of them ever flew, glided, jumped or hopped into the air.

Sky Car

 

Botts, 1903

Lataste Aeroplane Gyroscopique

Lipkowski Helocopter, 1905

An offical report signed by a Professor N. L. Shutkin, who was appointed to witness andsupervise the experiment, consisting of two "Half Wings" with an overall diameter of 16 meters and a combined gross of 200 square meters, which were powered by 33 hp electic motor

Villard

Underwood, 1907 (Replica)

Rickman, 1908

Donovan Monoplane, 1909

Clement M,1909

Thiersch, 1910

Davidson Gyro Copter, 1911

Italian Design

Kitchens Annualar, 1911

Built by John George Aulsebrook Kitchen, Scotforth, Lancashire)

Kitchen patented ideas for circular winged aircraft, with special aerodynamic features in 1910 and 1912. A biplane based on his theories was built in 1910 and housed at Famine Point near Heysham, Lancashire. The machine may have been tested, but did not fly before it was purchased at the end of 1910 by Cedric Lee, a wealthy engineer and textile manufacturer from Manchester. He was joined in developing the design by G. Tilghman Richards, an engineer and member of the Manchester Aero Club.

Kitchens Annualar,1912

Lee-Richards Annualar, 1913

Lee-Richards Annualar

Lee - Richards Biplane Annualar Replica

Safety, 1909

While not exactly round, this design would make you turn and look. It was called the Mustard Plaster and was designed by Harold McCormick prior to 1912. Sidney James worked with the design at Cicero Field in Chicago but never got it very high off the ground. Chance Vought consulted on design changes. For more on this design >

The Dietz Shriver Paraplane, 1911, for more on this aircraft >

This design is the McCormick-Romme "Umbrella Plane" also called the "Cycloplane". It was designed by William S. Romme in 1910 and funded by Harold F. McCormick. Chance Vought served as a design consultant. For more detail on this design follow this link >

Ellehammer, 1914

Ellehammer

 

Anther design called the "Umbrellaplane" was also known as the "Roundwing". It was built in 1934. It had a 90hp Lambert engine; span: 16'0" length: 20'0" v: 120/95-100/20-25. Circular wing on a lengthened Alliance Argo fuselage for STOL performance. Initial experiments by Paul Nemeth with rotating wing forms go back to 1929. Designed by Nemeth and built by students at Miami University (OH) to test circular wing configuration. Repowered with 120hp Warner Scarab, later reworked as divided wing. Name has been seen spelled Nuneth.

Another Nemeth design is next.

Jonathan Caldwell Grey Goose, 1938

Astro V by Dynafan, 1964

 

AVRO design

Avro Car

Various Air Cushioned Vehicles

Moeller XM4-3

Moeller with Canopy

Dehn

This design flew in Camden in 2000

 

Another view

 

 

French Disc, RC 360 1956

Rene Couzinet beside his disc

René Couzinet of France and his original design of a circular planform, vertical take-off-and-landing aircraft. The reported specifications for the improved version are:

Span: 44.6 feet
Lifting surface area: 645.6 square feet
Six Lycoming engines (180 hp each): 1,080 hp
One turbojet (Marcel Dassault Viper): 1,639 pounds thrust
Empty weight: 9,900 pounds
Useful load: 19,800 pounds
Total weight: 27,700 pounds

According to the report, the modified version incorporates a principle of operation similar to that used in Couzinet’s original proposal, that is, two contra-rotating discs superimposed to annul gyroscopic effect. The discs are supported by a fixed central section in which the cockpit, the engines, and landing gear are located. There are now 50 adjustable vanes around the periphery of each disc instead of the 48 in the earlier proposal.

The next area is classified "questionable"

Warning ! this next pictures is fake, but ...

We are unaware of any actual saucer-type vehicles comparable to those shown in the edited picture that were tested by the US military. The US Air Force did conduct some experiments with much smaller saucer shaped vehicles during the 1950s and 1960s, but these craft were closer in size to the automobiles pictured above than to a large aircraft.

In 1967, former US Navy aviator and aviation writer Jack D. Pickett and his business partner Harold Baker visited MacDill Air Force Base in Tampa, Florida, to gather information for an Air Force-sponsored article on historical experimental aircraft. At the edge of the base, they were shown four decommissioned X-planes - all of them flying discs - measuring 20, 40, 70 and 116 feet in diameter".


Whether Pickett and Baker actually saw such discs is open to speculation - certainly no official photos were ever released, and images of many other 'black designs' have become unclassified and made public over the years. And the two parked on the tarmac (top picture above) are neat cheats by artist Gino Marcomini, who has replaced the original B-29 Superfortress and Douglas Skyrocket with a pair of Discs, large and small.

The undoctored photo below shows NACA test pilot Scott Crossfield posing in front of the D-558-2 Skyrocket along with the crew, mother plane, and chase aircraft that supported his record-setting flight.

leaving "questionable" area

Chinese Saucer

Sphere

Sky Ship, UK 1975

Thermoplane by Aviastar in Russia

Thermoplane

Aereon

Lockheed-Martin P-791

FLYING/BLENDED WING AIRCRAFT

Dunne

Pilcher Beetle (glider)

Ezekiel Airship

Ellehammer, 1905 glider

Gillespie, 1905

Jone Aeroplane, 1905

Etich 1907 (glider)

Williams, 1908

Call II

Gibson Twin, 1910

Fritz-Russ Flyer, 1910

Edwards Rhomboidal, 1910

Reinig Apertoid, 1911

 

Forbes and Arnold, 1911

Shreck Diapason 1911

Dunne D-9, 1911

Spratt 1900s

Bertrand

Parker Tailless

Roy Scroggs "Last Laugh"

McClary A

Unknown

Domingo, 1914

JOY JX, 1935

William B. Stout "BatWing". For more on this aircraft and other Stout aircraft follow this link >

Hackenburger

A curious twin-engine flying pancake-type with heart-shaped parasol wing and very little data. Motors were 4-cyl "Scroggies." Register listing [NX18966] c/n 5H-1 (as H) says 1pCM, but makes no mention of a pancake shape. Designed in about 1930 by A. L. Hackenburger of San Antonio, Texas.

 

 

Hulbert

Built by Dane Hulbert in1910 = 1pOB with laterally-placed wings, long-shaft pusher-tractor propellers; unspecified motor. 1913 Jane's claimed: "... achieved several flights." Said to have been built in Switzerland, but flown in USA.

DeMonge, 1920s

This plane led to the next image

The Snyder A2 but also called the Arup 1

A podiatrist from South Bend, Indiana, was responsible for one of the more distinctive and successful tailless designs of the Depression. Dr. C.L. Snyder, intrigued with the flying qualities of a felt heel lift that he had idly tossed through the air one day in 1926, pursued his idea from the primitive model stage to unpowered and powered gliders, and finally to several highly successful disc-type aircraft.

Dr. Snyder's first aircraft was known as the Dirigiplane, Monowing, and finally Arup S-1, at various stages of its development. Rudders are at the after edges of-the vertical stabilizers; elevator extends across the wing trailing edge; ailerons are at the top of the vertical stabilizer, forward. Like Junkers, Soldenhoff, and Rumpler, Snyder's goal was to develop of the flying wing for air transport purposes. He envisioned an aircraft with a wing 15 feet thick with a 100-foot span and a 100-foot chord. The passengers were to be seated in the wing with a clear view forward through the plastic leading edge of the wing. Snyder's early glider experiments led to the formation of the Arup Manufacturing Corporation in 1932 to refine his initial experimental configuration to a practical aircraft. Aided by the engineering skills of Raoul Hoffman and with Glenn Doolittle (racing pilot Jimmie Doolittle's cousin) acting as test pilot, Dr. Snyder produced three more variations of the basic disc-shaped Arup S-1 powered glider. Of the three, Arup S-2 and S-4 proved to be more durable and practical, making hundreds of flights during the mid-1930s, including impressive demonstration flights for the NACA, CAA, and the Army.

The Arup experienced an accident-free service life. Some of its pronounced advantages over more conventional aircraft were greater lift and safety, increased cruising range, lower takeoff and landing speeds, and stall-proof flight characteristics. Dr. Snyder's Arups were not commercial successes, however. He had inadequate working capital, inexperienced management, and an aircraft that just did not "look right."

Arup S-4 demonstrated the practicality of a low aspect ratio wing. Both Arup S-2 (background) and the S-4 were frequently used as flying billboards during their accident-free careers. Raoul Hoffman, Dr. C.L. Snyder's engineer at Arup, left that company in 1933 and moved to Florida where he designed an Arup-type aircraft for a Chicago industrialist.

The Hoffman flying wing, like the Arups, had performance figures that were guaranteed to appeal to those citizens who wanted to replace the family automobile with an "air flivver." Unfortunately, Hoffman's aircraft caught fire in flight from a broken fuel line and crashed, killing the pilot.

Arup - 2

Arup - 4

Arup - 5

Arup drawing in Russian

Hoffman Flying Wing

Hoffman Flying Wing designed in 1934. Had a Cirrus Mk III engine; span: 22'8" length: 17'8" v: 135/x/28. Empty wt: 900#. 14'6" chord all-wing design was very similar to Arup S-2 as Hoffman was an ex-Arup employee. Built for J Leslie Young of Chicago. Planned for retractable gear, but a fixed gear was used. Had a novel cockpit ventilator in the wing's leading edge that howled to warn of stalls. Caught fire during a 1936 flight and crashed [NX11573].

Johnson Uniplane

Russian K-12, 1936

This aircraft was known as the Flying Flounder. It was designed and built by Cheston Eshelman and flew in 1942.

Vought V-173

Vought F5U-1

German AS-6

AS6-1

 

 

Focke-Wulf VTOL Model

BOK 5

All of the above are BICH aircraft

Unknown

Horten Ho-5

Horten Ho Vc

 

Ho-229

Hitler's Hortens

Naranjero 1, a Horten built in Argentina after the war

Lippisch Delta IV

Lippisch DM1

Original Northrop Flying Wing, Jack Northrop beside prop

Northrop, 1929 Flying Wing 1

Northrop N1-M

Front View

Northrop N-9M, 1943

Ni M Jeep

Bernelli B-1000B

Another Bernelli Design

Stout Bat-Limo

Fartman 121

Junkers Glider Ju-322 Mammut

Kalinin K-7

Fiesler F-3 early 1930s

Baynes Bat

Armstrong-Whitworth 52

Northrop YB, 1949

Another View

Northrop B-35

Northrop Flying Wings

Northrop XP-79

XP-79

YRB-49a

MX-334

Northrop MX-334-2

 

Horton

Built by William E. Horton of Santa Ana, California in 1951. It had two 225hp Jacobs engines and extended driveshafts; span: 40'0". Not truly wingless, but essentially a highly-modified Cessna UC-78 with a more airfoil-shaped fuselage than wing. Although this innovative protoype flew successfully, no backers were attracted, and the project was abandoned, with the plane eventually being deliberately burned.

Dare

AVRO Plane

F7U-1

F-7U3 Cutlass

Aeron 26

Mitchelu 2

 

Zim-3 (RC model)

Geo Bat Model aircraft with plans to build a full scale aircraft

Home Made in Germany

Australian Rowe UFO

This aircraft is known as the Winfain Facetmobile

X-15

Martin X-24B

Lifting Bodies

Mikoyan

Helios

F-111 Aardvark

YF-12

SR-71

Supersonic Transports

B-1 Lancer

TU-160

YF-23s

F-22

FA-37

Boeing X-32B

Northop "Tacit Blue" with the Boeing "Bird Of Prey" above

Northrop Tacit Blue

B-2 Spirit

F-117s

Boeing X-37 carried by the White Knight

X-45A

Boeing Phantom Ray

X-47A

X-47B

X-48B

X-48b1 drones posed

Boeing X-48B

X-32

X-43A

 

DIFFERENT AIRCRAFT DESIGNS

Moy Thomas, 1875

Goupil Duck, 1883

Stringfellow, 1898

Kress, 1901

Whitehead, 1901

 

Earlier Whitehead design

Whitehead

Jatho, 1903

More views

Captain Durand, 1906

Another version

Airplane Yacht

Humphrey, 1908

Vendovilli, 1908

Equivilley, 1908

Scholtz. 1908

Givaudin, 1908

Maxfield, 1908

Pischoff-Kochlein, 1906

 

Stoeckel, 1909

Aimee - Salmson, 1909

Cobianchi, 1909

Parseval, 1909

Bicurve Sloan

J. B.Ferguson, Belfast

 

Seddon

 

Side View

Goodland, 1910

Hunt,1910

Palmgren, 1912

Cooley Airship

 

Zerbe, 1911

Batson Flying House, 1913

The Hoople

This aircraft was built by William Pierce Gary in New Jersey in 1910-13. It had a 50hp Harriman engine. It was a 40' hooplike wingform with the tail on a boom. It was damaged beyond repair when the landing gear broke on take-off and, on alighting after a 100-yd flight, the craft dug its nose into the ground. There were at least three versions or modifications of this curiosity that actually flew (how long or how far was unstated), one of them with triplane wings within a hoop. Some reports mention a 20' circular wing, which could be any of the variations. The name was unofficially supplied by neighbors for its shape, as was also "Gary-plane." Gary built several other one-of-a-kind, more conventional planes after WW1, most of them from Curtiss JN-4 components.

Custer Channel Wing

Custer Channel Wing In Flight

 

Lippisch X114

Pter 1

Hammond

Waterman Whatsit

Beriev

Ekranplan

 

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